Garlic (Allium sativum) is a member of the Amaryllis (lily) family and is related to onions, shallots, chives, and leeks. Garlic is a major ingredient in most cultures and therefore grown throughout the world. Globally, China is by far the largest producer of garlic producing 2/3rds of the world’s total in 2013. The United States ranked tenth in total garlic production in the world. The majority of domestic fresh and processed garlic production is concentrated in California. Three California counties provide the majority of garlic production—Fresno, Kern, and Monterey. The community of Gilroy in Santa Clara County is billed as garlic capital of the world because a significant volume of California’s fresh-market garlic is shipped from there. The United States is also the world’s largest importer of fresh garlic, becoming a net importer (imports less exports) of garlic China accounted for the majority of total U.S. garlic imports. Other top suppliers of garlic to the United States were Argentina and Mexico.